Cambridge Global Risk Index 2020: Executive Summary

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The research by the Centre for Risk Studies is unique in making an annual qualification of the potential GDP impact of unpredictable shocks on the world’s most prominent cities. The 2020 update to the Global Risk Index sees a uniform rise in GDP@Risk across all the 279 cities that make up the index and more significant increases in risk for urban centres.

GDP@Risk is a calculation of each city’s economic output and its exposure to particular threats associated with its geography and type of economy offset by its resilience in recovering from them. The highlights of the 2020 update include the spike in the risk of social unrest following the outbreak of protests in Hong Kong in the summer of 2019.

Overall, the Centre for Risk Studies’ analysis shows a 3 percent increase in GDP@Risk from 2019 to 2020. GDP@Risk is a calculation of each city’s economic output and its exposure to particular threats associated with its geography and type of economy offset by its resilience in recovering from them.